The Easter Triduum:
Meditations on the Triduum by Victor Hoagland, C.P.
Holy Thursday, Good Friday, the Easter Vigil
The Easter triduum, marking the days of Jesus’ passion and resurrection, is the most important
time of the church year. It begins with the evening Mass of Holy Thursday,
reaches its high point in the Easter Vigil, and closes on Easter Sunday
Prepared by the days of Lent, Christians celebrate on these holiest of days the saving
work God has accomplished in Christ.
From the events remembered these days, so sorrowful and so joyful, the church learns the
deepest lessons. In rites and words the mysteries of Jesus’ final hours
are with us again, his passion, his cruel suffering, his rising from the
dead. And we discover the answer to age old questions: Does God love us?
Is God merciful? Does God care for us?
We have only to look and learn from Jesus Christ.
These are days for fixing our eyes on the holy mystery of his cross and filling our ears
with the words of his gospel. Nowhere else does God’s love appear so vividly.
In the love Christ showed for a sinful world we find the beginning of
our church, the source of our sacraments, the key to understanding the
human story, and our hope for eternal life.
The Easter Triduum begins with Mass on Holy Thursday evening, when Jesus sacramentally anticipated
the gift he would make of himself on the cross.His command to serve others
is dramatically recalled this night in the ceremony of the washing of
the feet, which he performed in the supper room for his disciples. Like
the Paschal lamb, killed and eaten by the people, according to the Old
Testament account read from Exodus this evening, he is a sign of God’s
The Good Friday rites center around the reading of the Passion of Jesus. With simple dignity
that story is retold, followed by prayers for the entire world, for this
powerful mystery brings blessings to the world. According to ancient tradition,
an image or relic of the cross is venerated this day, and the sacrament
of Christ’s love for his church is received. It is a day of fasting and
The Easter Vigil
The Easter Vigil is the high point of the Easter triduum celebrating the passion and resurrection
of Jesus. With a rich display of symbols, rites and readings, the church
in worship expresses her faith in the mystery that brings her into being.
Light conquers darkness
The vigil opens with a service of light. Like the Jewish Passover, our Easter celebration
coincides with the beginning of spring, when the sun offers new warmth
and earth is ready to flower again. Our words “lent” (from the Middle-English
word for spring, “lengthening days”) and “Easter” (possibly Germanic or
Anglo-Saxon in origin, signifying “the east”, “the rising sun”) point to
the long tradition of seeing this holy mystery through signs of the natural
The lighting of the fire and the Easter candle go back to rites that long preceded Christianity.
The candle, carried with loving reverence and lyrically praised in word
and song, is a sign of Christ, “the light of the world,” and celebrates
the victory of light over darkness that humanity has ever longed for.
God’s love endures forever
A series of readings recalls the great interventions of God in history, from creation to the
the redemption of Israel from Egypt, and ends with the story of Jesus’
resurrection. The great “alleluia” proclaims with quiet joy the triumph
of God’s Son. Those preparing for Batpism then receive the sacraments
of initiation. The blessed water sprinkled over others signifies the blessing
of new life.
Rejoice! This night says as it brings before us the deepest symbols of our hopes and fears.
The darkness, sign of evil and death, has been overcome by light. A lamp,
a candle has been lit; a fire is enkindled in our hearts; a nourishing
water flows through our lives; a baptism destroys what is unclean and
brings to life again.
Rejoice! this night says to all creation. The Word who made all things, as a new Adam, freshly
proclaims God’s promise of life. All creation celebrates God’s love.